Individual therapy (sometimes called “psychotherapy” or “counseling”) is a process through which clients work one-on-one with a trained therapist—in a safe, caring, and confidential environment—to explore their feelings, beliefs, or behaviors, work through challenging or influential memories, identify aspects of their lives that they would like to change, better understand themselves and others, set personal goals, and work toward desired change. Individual counseling is appropriate for child, adolescent, and adult clients. Individual or other services may include a trauma based approach if appropriate. Trauma based services may be recommended following exposure to violence, crisis situations, and traumatic events. The therapist responds to the needs of children and adults who have been victims of trauma, sexual assault, or domestic violence.
Some types of individual counseling include:
- PLAY THERAPY - Provides a way for them to express their experiences and feelings through a natural, self-guided, and self-healing process. As children’s experiences and knowledge are often communicated through play, it becomes an important vehicle for them to know and accept themselves and others. This approach is common to young children.
- COGNITIVE PROCESSING THERAPY (Shelby Only) - Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) helps clients by giving them a new way to handle distressing thoughts helping them to gain an understanding of traumatic events. By using the skills learned in this therapy, clients can learn why recovery from traumatic events has been difficult. CPT helps clients learn how going through a trauma changed the way they look at the world, themselves, and others. The way we think and look at things directly affects how we feel and act.
- EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) - Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapy technique developed by Francine Shapiro that emphasizes disturbing memories as the cause of psychopathology. It is used to help with the symptoms of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, the processing of traumatic events, personal growth and development, public speaking related anxiety, and other mental health conditions. According to Shapiro, when a traumatic or distressing experience occurs, it may overwhelm normal coping mechanisms. The memory and associated stimuli are inadequately processed and stored in an isolated memory network.
- COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY - Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps patients understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behaviors. CBT is commonly used to treat a wide range of disorders including phobias, addictions, depression and anxiety. Cognitive behavior therapy is generally short-term and focused on helping clients deal with a very specific problem. During the course of treatment, clients learn how to identify and change destructive or disturbing thought patterns that have a negative influence on behavior.
- OTHER - evidenced based and person centered counseling approaches